Pre-diabetes is the period preceding diabetes. People with prediabetes have an elevated blood glucose level. Proper nutrition during this period is expected to help avoid the problem becoming overgrown in real diabetes.
If you have prediabetes, pay special attention to carbohydrates consumed: it is important to give preference to complex carbohydrates, rather than simple. For example, you can eat whole grains, foods, beans, vegetables and abandon refined, processed products including sugar, sugar-containing products, white pasta and flour.
Try to make your diet as balanced as possible: it should contain proteins and fats and carbohydrates. It’s best to consult with an endocrinologist or a nutritionist about how to organize your meals more correctly.
Eating little and often
In order to maintain the level of glucose in the blood within the normal range, it is desirable to eat often - every 4-5 hours - and gradually. Fasting can cause significant changes in blood sugar levels, but eating small meals at regular intervals can help to maintain glucose levels.
Do not forget to have breakfast in the morning. People with type 2 diabetes who missed the first meal reportedly have higher levels of sugar during lunch and dinner than those who had breakfast.
It is desirable to choose protein foods and complex carbohydrates for breakfast.
Avoiding sweets and sweeteners
Sugar with prediabetes is extremely undesirable. But the same applies to sweeteners, as some of them are no less dangerous than sugar.